Jump to History - The first great work of architectural theory of this period belongs to Leon Battista Alberti, De Re Aedificatoria, which placed Vitruvius at the core of the most profound theoretical tradition of the modern ages. From Alberti, good architecture is validated through the Vitruvian triad, which defines its purpose. Turn on 1-Click ordering. As the first comprehensive encyclopedic survey of Western architectural theory from Vitruvius to the present, this book is an essential resource for architects, students, teachers, historians, and theorists. The historical evolution of architectural theory is assessable mainly from manuscripts and published treatises, from critical essays and commentaries, and from.


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The German-speaking regions in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries The Italian contribution in the eighteenth century Eighteenth-century views of Antiquity.

The role of Spain from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century Developments in History of architectural theory from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century Concepts of the garden Nineteenth-century France and the Ecole des Beaux-Arts Germany in the nineteenth century England in the nineteenth century By most theoretical writings concentrated almost exclusively on visual aspects of architecture, thereby identifying the theory of architecture with what, before history of architectural theory, would have been regarded as simply that aspect that Vitruvius called venustas i.


This approach did not necessarily invalidate the conclusions reached, but many valuable ideas then put forward as theories of architecture were only partial theories, in which it was taken for granted that theoretical concepts concerning construction and planning were dealt with in other texts.

Distinction between the theory of architecture and the theory of art Before embarking on any discussion as to the nature of the philosophy of architecture, it is essential to distinguish between two mutually exclusive theories that affect the whole course of any such speculation.

The first theory regards the philosophy of architecture as the application of a general philosophy of history of architectural theory to a particular type of art.

The second, on the contrary, regards the philosophy of architecture as a separate study that, though it may well have many characteristics common to the theories of other arts, is generically distinct.

The first notion i.

Architectural theory

This theory of fine history of architectural theory might not have been so widely adopted but for the development of aestheticselaborated after Thus, when academies of fine art were being established successively in Denmark, Russia, and England on the model of the French Academy in Rome, German philosophers were gradually asserting 1 that it was possible to elaborate a theory of beauty without reference to function Zweck ; 2 that any theory of beauty should be applicable to all sensory perceptions, whether visual or auditory; and 3 that the notion of beauty was only one aspect of a much larger concept of life-enhancing sensory stimuli.

The alternative theory i.

Hegel first popularized the philosophical discipline. Kant, history of architectural theory his Kritik der Urteilskraft ; Eng. He classified architecture as dependent beauty, saying that in a thing that is possible only by means of design Absicht —a building or even an animal—the regularity consisting in symmetry must express history of architectural theory unity of the intuition that accompanies the concept of purpose Zweckand this regularity belongs to cognition.

This latter tendency was reinforced when the French philosopher Victor Cousinwriting inclassified the history of philosophy under three distinct headings: Allegorical engraving of the Vitruvian primitive hut.

A vibrant strain of Neoclassicisminherited from Marc-Antoine Laugier 's seminal Essai, provided the foundation for two generations of international activity around the core themes of classicism, primitivism and a "return to Nature.

History of Architectural Theory

The American sculptor Horatio Greenough published the essay American Architecture in August in which he rejected the imitation of old styles of buildings and outlined the functional relationship between architecture and decoration.

These theories anticipated the development of Functionalism in modern architecture. Towards the end of history of architectural theory century, there occurred a blossoming of theoretical activity. In England, Ruskin's ideals underpinned the emergence of the Arts and Crafts movement exemplified by the writings of William Morris.

History of Architectural Theory by Hanno-Walter Kruft

On the Continent, the theories of Viollet-le-Duc and Gottfried Semper provided the springboard for enormous vitality of thought dedicated to architectural innovation and the renovation of the notion of style. The generation born during the middle-third of the 19th century was history of architectural theory enthralled with the opportunities presented by Semper's combination of a breathtaking historical scope and a methodological granularity.

In contrast to more recent, and thus "modern", thematically self-organized theoretical activities, this generation did not coalesce into a "movement. Among the most active Architectural Realists were: Mainly a theoretical work, it had an immediate impact on architecture, as the two disciplines of architecture and planning intertwined.